Type of publication
Year of publication
EGU General Assembly 2021
Link to the publication
Ulrich, T., Gabriel, A.-A., Klinger, Y., Ampuero, J.-P., Galvez, P., and Li, B.: Exploring the dynamics of the Dead-Sea Transform fault using data-integrated numerical models, EGU General Assembly 2021, online, 19–30 Apr 2021, EGU21-7496, https://doi.org/10.5194/egusphere-egu21-7496, 2021.
The Dead-Sea Transform fault system, a 1200 km-long strike-slip fault forming the tectonic boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, poses a major seismic hazard to the eastern Mediterranean region. The Gulf of Aqaba, which terminates the Dead Sea fault system to the South, results from a succession of pull-apart basins along the Dead-Sea Transform fault system. The complexity of the fault system in the Gulf has been recently evidenced by Ribot et al. (2020), who compiled a detailed map of its fault traces, based on a new multibeam bathymetric survey of the Gulf. Part of the Gulf of Aqaba was ruptured by an Mw 7.3 earthquake in 1995. Teleseismic data analysis suggests that it may have been a multi-segment rupture (Klinger et al., 1999). This event occurred offshore, in a poorly instrumented region, and therefore the exact sequence of faults that ruptured is not precisely known. The detailed fault mapping of Ribot et al. (2020) offers a fresh view of this earthquake. In particular, it identifies many oblique faults between the major strike-slip faults, which may have linked these segments.